Other items of interest:
While many authors have documented empires maintained through military strength, power derived solely from economic might is a more modern phenomenon. The root of power differs little in one important characteristic, though. There is a certain inevitability to the decline of either form. And there are lessons to learn from each as well.
Just as earlier empires based on military or colonial power have experienced spectacular ascendancies and subsequent declines, modern economic empires are no less fragile over time. The overextension, overconfidence, and underinvestment that leads to the demise of military or colonial empires have their analogies in economic empires. An economic superpower grows based on its strengths and is fueled by its successes, and declines as its values are transformed and economic arrogance dilutes its hegemonic powers.
Colin Read describes the various factors that give rise to economic empires, and documents how these same forces eventually lead to their downfall. By analyzing the successes of each factor and the reasons why they falter, he offers insights into ways to sustain economic relevancy. He also offer lessons to aspiring economies so that they may best leverage and manage their growth and avoid the problems that beset less carefully designed economies.
In doing so, Read gives us an interesting and provocative glimpse into the current global dynamic in which the United States, the world’s first true economic empire, struggles to maintain its global economic supremacy in the face of a rapidly growing China that shall soon challenge it as the world’s largest economy.
Also by Colin Read ...
5.0 out of 5 stars Economic Theory and Practice,
5.0 out of 5 stars A lively introduction to economics and its excesses,"Author Colin Read writes that the purpose of his book is "to provide an economic education for the educated reader who does not have a college major or minor in economics." The book goes a good distance toward achieving that admirable goal. This broad survey of important economic ideas has a minimum of jargon. As its hopeful subtitle suggests, the book's major emphasis is how to avoid another global financial crisis. It is especially timely as people all over the world are trying to understand the reasons for the crisis and the roles of the different players. While it seems to have been proofread in haste, getAbstract recommends this readable book to anyone who wants a firmer, basic understanding of economics without having to get a degree in the subject." Rolf Dobelli of getabstracts.com
English and Chinese
The science behind and economic consequences of fear are explained by demonstrating how fear can drive markets to disastrous lows and how the financial industry profits most when fear and volatility are highest. The reader is offered recommendations to resolve market fears and bolster world economies.
Table of Contents
Introduction * PART I: THE NATURE OF RISK * The Biology and Psychology of Fear * An Economic Definition of Fear and Risk * PART II: THE SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF LOANABLE FUNDS * The Demand Side * The Supply Side * Balance of Capital * PART III: MEASUREMENT OF RISK * The Risk Premium - How Risk Affects Expected Returns * The Fear Premium * The Demographics of Risk and Fear * The Microeconomics of Risk Aversion * PART IV: THE PROBLEMS WITH RISK * Moral Hazard * Privatized Gains and Socialized Losses * Adverse Selection and Imperfect Information * Risk, Uncertainty, Fear, and Gambling * PART V: RISK AND THE MARKET * Market Volatility and Returns * Fear, Panic, and Market Returns * The Fear Factor * PART VI: A HISTORY OF PANICS * A Brief History of the Fear Gripped Market * The Roaring Twenties and the Great Crash * The Depression-Gripped Economy * Along Comes Keynes * PART VII: COORDINATION FAILURES * The Market for Lemmings, or Tale of Two Cultures * The Role of Machines and Programmed trading * The Ratings Agencies - More Perfect Information? * PART VIII: SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AS AN ANTIDOTE TO FEAR * Where Were the Regulators * Ethics and Social Responsibility * Wall Street, Main Street, and the Social Contract * PART IX: INSTITUTIONS THE AMELIORATE OR AMPLIFY FEAR * The Media as an Antidote to Fear * Politics That Fan the Flames of Fear * Is There More to Fear than Fear Itself? * PART X: SOLUTIONS AND CONCLUSIONS * Economic Leadership as an Antidote to Fear * A Dozen Prescriptions to Take Back the Markets * Conclusions
International Taxation Handbook
Policy, Practice, Standards, and Regulations
Greg Gregoriou, Professor of Finance, School of Business and Economics, State University of New York Plattsburgh
Colin Read, Dean, School of Business and Economics, State University of New York, Plattsburgh
International taxation is evolving in response to globalization, capital mobility, and the increased trade in services, and introduces international tax practitioner, student and researcher to the theory, practice, and international examples of the changing landscape. Models of tax competition in a flat and connected world are very different than those necessary to ensure compliance in a world dominated by cross-border flows of goods and repatriation of profits. Taxes on consumption, e-commerce, and services are looming innovations in future of international taxation. Tax coordination and standardization are immense challenges in a world in which the movement of value is increasingly subtle and hard to detect. And as corporations and individuals become more sophisticated in the internationalization of flows of capital, our models must become more sophisticated in their scope and inclusion. In the era when trade was dominated by the exchange of manufactured goods, international taxation was designed to protect domestic industries, create tax revenue, prevent evasion, and promote compliance. The traditional toolbox of customs duties, tariffs, and taxes on repatriated profits must be augmented as the movement of goods across borders represents a much smaller fraction of trade and as international taxation policy is increasingly used to attract foreign corporations rather than discourage branch offices. International taxation models that can better tax services, track international flows of capital, and allow a nation to compete in a world market for capital formation are the tools of the modern tax practitioner. International tax policy is now viewed as an integral part of economic policy. This approach is bound to accelerate as the world becomes increasingly flat and better connected. Economic progress is more and more influenced by the movement of services and information, movements that are no longer through ports but through fiber optic lines. This book contributes to the growing literature on international taxation by bringing together theory and experience, current practices and innovation, and our current understanding of some of the challenges now facing and arguably frustrating current international taxation policy. The book will create new avenues of research for scholars, a new awareness for students of International Taxation, and new possibilities for international tax practitioners. The models and examples presented here suggest that there are serious problems with measurability of flows of services and information, and points to an increasingly need for greater harmonization of international taxation, perhaps through coordinated consumption-tax oriented approaches.
Table of Contents
Section 1 - International Taxation Theory; The evolution of international taxation; Summary, description and extensions of the capital income effective tax rate literature; Empirical modeling of spatial interdependence in tax competition; Labor mobility and income tax competition; Section 2 - Optimal International Taxation in Practice-Innovations and the EU; Taxable asset sales in securitization; Globalization, multinationals and tax base allocation: advance pricing agreements as shifts in international taxation?; Documentation of transfer pricing: on the nature of arm's length analysis; Corporate tax competition and coordination in the European Union: What do we know? Where do we stand?; Corporate taxation in Europe: competitive pressure and cooperative targets; The economics of taxing cross-border savings income: an application to the EU savings tax; Tax misery and tax happiness: a comparative study of selected Asian countries; Section 3 - Global Challenges and Global Innovations; The ethics of tax evasion: lessons for transitional economies; Money laundering: every financial transaction leaves a paper trail; Tax effects in the valuation of multinational corporations: the Brazilian experience; The economic impacts of trade agreements and tax reforms in Brazil: some implications for accounting research